Esophageal Cancer Treatment in Mumbai

  •   The Esophagus is a long, hollow tube that connects your throat to your stomach. It can develop cancer due to uncontrolled growth of cells. This type of cancer is known as Esophageal cancer. The food that is swallowed is assisted by the Esophagus as it travels from the back of throat to stomach for digestion. The cells that line the Esophagus are usually the origin of esophageal cancer. It can occur at any site of the esophagus. Men are prone to esophageal cancer more than women.

Types of esophageal cancer

  •   Esophageal cancer is classified according to the type of cells that are involved.

  • Adenocarcinoma:The cells of the mucus-secreting glands in the esophagus is where adenocarcinoma develops.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma:The carcinoma beginning in the squamous cells, that are flat, thin and line the surface of the esophagus is called Squamous cell carcinoma

There are mainly five stages of Esophageal cancer.

  • Stage 0:Pre – cancerous cells have a presence in the layers of the Esophagus
  • Stage I:Cancer cells are only in the layer of the cells.
  • Stage II:Cancer has spread to the muscle layer, the outer wall of the Esophagus, or nearby lymph nodes (1 or 2).
  • Stage III:Cancer has spread to the inner muscle layer and other organs.
  • Stage IV:This is the most advanced stage of cancer. Esophageal cancer has spread to other organs and lymph nodes.


  •   The specific causation of esophageal cancer is unclear. The esophageal cells when undergo mutations, that is changes in their DNA, they give rise to cancerous cells. The changes in the DNA of the cell make them grow and divide out of control. These cells are called abnormal cells.
  •   The esophagus develops a tumour from the accumulating abnormal cells, which has the potential to expand, infect neighbouring structures, and metastasize to other regions of the body. There are several factors that can irritate esophageal cells and raise your risk of developing esophageal cancer.


Risk factors

  • Age:As people age, their risk of developing esophageal cancer rises. Less than 15% of instances are discovered in adults under 55.
  • Gender:Compared to women, men are more prone to develop esophageal cancer.
  • Tobacco:The risk of developing cancer increases with tobacco use, both in terms of quantity and duration.
  • Alcohol:Alcohol increases the risk of squamous cell carcinoma more than adenocarcinoma.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD):Adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus is somewhat more likely to develop in those with GERD. This risk appears to be increased in those who experience their symptoms more frequently.
  • Barrett's esophagus:The lining of the oesophagus may get damaged if stomach acid refluxes into the lower esophagus over an extended period of time. Due to this, the gland cells that typically lining the esophagus take the place of the squamous cells. These gland cells are more resistant to stomach acid and resemble the cells that border the stomach and small intestine. Barrett's esophagus is the medical term for this condition.
  • Obesity:Overweight or obese (extremely overweight) people are more likely to develop esophageal cancer


  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Weight loss
  • Chest pain
  • Heartburn
  • Coughing
  • Hoarseness



  • Barium swallow test
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
  • Endoscopy
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Lab tests of biopsy samples
  • Blood tests

Treatment Options

  • Surgery
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Endoscopic Treatment
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted Drug Therapy
  • Immunotherapy


Whom to consult for esophageal cancer in Mumbai?

  •   Make an appointment with the best doctor in Mumbai, Dr. Sanjay Sharma, if you have any persistent signs and symptoms that worry you.
  •   Screening for esophageal cancer may be an option for people with Barrett's esophagus. If you have Barrett's esophagus, discuss the pros and cons of screening with the best doctor in Mumbai

Where can you find the best Esophageal cancer treatment in Mumbai?

  •   Those suffering from esophageal cancer should consult a specialist who can offer them the right treatment. With the right qualification and years of experience, Dr. Sanjay Sharma can help you to get the best esophageal cancer in Mumbai. He is a Esophageal cancer specialist in Mumbai who will provide you with the best supportive care and treatment.